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Update in Anaesthesia

Download the latest edition - Volume 35

 UIA 35

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Background on UIA

First published in 1992, Update in Anaesthesia is the official education journal of the WFSA. The journal aims to provide clear, concise and clinically-relevant overview articles for anaesthetists working with limited resources around the world. 

The printed version of Update is sent free-of-charge to over 1500 English-speaking anaesthetists and is also translated into Russian, Mandarin, Spanish and French whenever possible. Update is available for download as a full edition or as individual articles (see the Virtual Library) and we hope that the availability of this resource will be broadened further with the development of this section of the WFSA website.

The WFSA would like to thank Baxter for their financial support of this publication. 

WFSA are also dependent on the generosity of the WFSA Publications committee budget to fund our work and on the unpaid volunteers who give up their time to help produce the journal. 

WFSA Disclaimer

The material and content provided has been set out in good faith for information and educational purposes only and is not intended as a substitute for the active involvement and judgement of appropriate professional medical and technical personnel. Neither we, the authors, nor other parties involved in its production make any representations or give any warranties with respect to its accuracy, applicability, or completeness nor is any responsibility accepted for any adverse effects arising as a result of your reading or viewing this material and content. Any and all liability directly or indirectly arising from the use of this material and content is disclaimed without reservation.


Copyright and re-distribution

WFSA Update in Anaesthesia is published under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International

creative commons 4.0 

Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International

This allows you to Share (copy and redistribute) the material in any medium or format. However, you must give appropriate credit, and provide a link to the license.

You may not use the material for commercial purposes. If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you may not distribute the modified material or suggest the licensor endorses you or your use. More information at:

It is the goal of WFSA Update in Anaesthesia to support learning in anaesthesia across the globe.  We encourage you to  link to our articles and share or distribute them via any means providing you respect the terms above.


Virtual Library

Visit our Virtual Library to search for individual articles from UIA.

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Are you interested in contributing to Update In Anaesthesia?

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Update in Anaesthesia Editorial Team

Editors - Victoria Howell (UK), Chris Lundgren (South Africa)

Emeritus Editor-in-chief - Bruce McCormick (UK)

Editorial Board

  • Douglas Bacon (USA)
  • Gustavo Elena (Argentina)
  • Martin Chobli (Benin)
  • Aboudoul-Fataou Ouro-Bang’na Maman (Togo)
  • David Pescod (Australia)
  • Jeanette Thirlwell (Australia)
  • Isabeau Walker (UK)
  • SS Harsoor (India)
  • Kazuyoshi Hirota (Japan)
  • Zhanggang Xue (China)
  • Jing Zhao (China)

Submission of papers to Update in Anaesthesia

Contact Editors:

Download – Guide for Contributors