This tutorial reviews the clinical uses of tranexamic acid, its mechanism of action and pharmacokinetics, contraindications and side effects.
Non steroidal inflammatory drugs are an effective simple analgesic medication that all anaesthetists should be familiar with. Although highly effective they have a complex mode of action and many possible side effects and drug interactions. It is vital to know the basic pharmacology when prescribing these medications to avoid any complications.
Ischaemic stroke is a life threatening and disabling condition. The treatment options have previously included antiplatelet agents, modification of risk factors, thrombolysis and rehabilitation. Mechanical thrombectomy is now considered a gold standard treatment. Its indications are widening with implications for healthcare management and for anaesthetists providing care for these patients.
This tutorial is a brief overview of the various currently established regional anaesthetic techniques to provide analgesia following breast surgery.
Diabetes mellitus is the most common endocrine disorder in children. The peri-operative period can disrupt glucose control resulting in hypo and hyperglycaemia. Multi-disciplinary management is important to optimise glucose control and minimise complications. Insulin pump therapy is increasing in children and anaesthetists should be familiar with management.
A review of the anatomy of the sciatic nerve and its branches, and the indications, contraindications and technique for ultrasound guided popliteal block.
This tutorial reviews the anatomy of the brachial plexus and adjacent structures relevant to the interscalene block. It also discusses of the indications, contraindications, side effects and complications of the interscalene block and a step-by-step description of the ultrasound guided interscalene nerve block technique.
This tutorial aims to describe the available national society guidelines on managing pediatric airways, and to compare the difficult airway trolleys of two different institutions from different resource settings.
Pre-hospital emergency anaesthesia refers to induction of anaesthesia and securing the airway in the pre-hospital environment. It is high risk due to patient factors and the pre-hospital environment. Many factors should be addressed to minimise risks. This tutorial explores some of these factors and discusses recent changes in practice.