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Posted in: UIA > Patient Safety 2019 Language: english

This article explores the future of surgical capacity indicators.

Posted in: UIA > Patient Safety 2019 Language: english

This article outlines The Anesthesia Patient Safety Foundation (APSF)'s vision statement, mission and focus.

Posted in: UIA > Patient Safety 2019 Language: english

In this narrative review, the authors discuss two commonly used long-term venous access devices: implantable ports and tunnelled catheters.

Posted in: UIA > Patient Safety 2019 Language: english

This article explores in detail the The Vital Anaesthesia Simulation Training (VAST) course, which was developed for anaesthesia providers and is a collaborative project between partners in Rwanda and Canada.

Posted in: UIA > Patient Safety 2019 Language: english

This article provides an overview and commentary of the WFSA SAFE-T Summit in 2018.

Posted in: UIA > Patient Safety 2019 Language: english

This article explores the management of malignant hyperthermia, a rare inherited disorder that develops following exposure to volatile anaesthetic agents and depolarising muscle relaxants.

Posted in: UIA > Patient Safety 2019 Language: english

What is needed next for global surgery, obstetrics and anaesthesia is not a simple linear process; rather, it is a cycle of three co-dependent elements: data, NSOAPs and funding.

Posted in: UIA > Patient Safety 2019 Language: english

Patient safety is normally defined as omission of harm during medical care in hospital. Relative to the global challenge, a wider scope is needed, including the primary care sector and coverage of care, or lack thereof, as well as quality of care.

Posted in: UIA > Patient Safety 2019 Language: english

This article focuses on the SAFE-T Summit 2018 and its implications.

Posted in: UIA > Patient Safety 2019 Language: english

Surgical and anaesthesia care are undeniably critical to strengthening healthcare systems worldwide and they are steadily gaining support from the World Health Organization (WHO).

Posted in: UIA > Patient Safety 2019 Language: english

This article explores a human resource shortage compounded by the fact that the skills, competencies and clinical experience of providers are often poorly suited to the health needs of the populations being served.

Posted in: UIA > Patient Safety 2019 Language: english

Following the production of International Standards for a Safe Practice of Anaesthesia by the World Federation of Societies of Anaesthesiologists (WFSA) in 1992, which were revised in 2008 and 2010, the European Society of Anaesthesiologists (ESA) and European Board of Anaesthesiology (EBA) launched the Helsinki Declaration on Patient Safety in Anaesthesiology.

This article presents case studies related to cerebral challenge.

This article defines standards and makes recommendations to help guide maternity and critical care providers in establishing and managing a maternal critical care service. Originally published as Anaesthesia Tutorial of the Week #310, 27 October 2014, edited by Matt Rucklidge.

Posted in: UIA > Intensive Care Medicine & Basic Sciences 2017 Language: english

Appropriate management of hyponatraemia is often challenging because of both numerous pathophysiological mechanisms and multiple underlying pathological conditions. After revising the normal control of sodium balance this article will review the causes, classification, diagnosis and management of hyponatraemia. An algorithm for investigations and treatment is provided at the end of this article. Originally published as Anaesthesia Tutorial of the Week #314, 2 April 2015, edited by William English.

The aim of this article is to provide the reader with an overview of the current guidelines and evidence for the management of sepsis in children. Sepsis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in children and, although mortality rates are lower in children than in adults, they are estimated at about 10% in severe sepsis. Originally published as Anaesthesia Tutorial of the Week #278, 28 January 2013

Posted in: UIA > Pain & Basic Sciences 2017 Language: english

Knowledge of the pharmacological differences between opioids can be applied to select the appropriate drug for the relevant clinical setting and minimise the impact of side-effects. Over the last 20 years more information regarding the pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics in terms of opioid receptor dimers and oligomers, second messenger system effects and genotyping has come to light. Originally published as Anaesthesia Tutorial of the Week #277, 3 December 2012

Posted in: UIA > Regional Anaesthesia 2017 Language: english

A wrist block is the technique of blocking terminal branches of some or all of the six nerves that supply the wrist, hand and fingers. The combination of nerves that need to be blocked depends upon the exact location of surgery. This block can be used to provide regional anaesthesia for a patient undergoing surgery awake or as an analgesic technique to be used in combination with general anaesthesia or brachial plexus block (BPB) using short-acting local anaesthetic (the wrist block will provide prolonged pain relief once the BPB has worn off). Originally published as Anaesthesia Tutorial of the Week #275, 19 November 2012

Posted in: UIA > General Topics & Paediatric Anaesthesia 2017 Language: english

Originally published as Anaesthesia Tutorial of the Week, 339, 14 October 2016, edited by Catharine Wilson and Faye Evans. Typhoid intestinal perforation is a surgical emergency. The child presents acutely ill with fluid and electrolyte derangement and a full stomach. This tutorial covers the assessment, pre-anaesthetic optimization, intraoperative management and post-operative care of a child with typhoid intestinal perforation.

Posted in: UIA > General Topics & Paediatric Anaesthesia 2017 Language: english

Originally published as Anaesthesia Tutorial of the Week, 338, 4 October 2016, edited by Catharine Wilson. Typhoid enteric fever is a bacterial infection of the gastrointestinal tract common in the low resource setting and can be fatal if not treated promptly. This tutorial provides a comprehensive summary of the disease including epidemiology, pathophysiology, signs and symptoms, complications, diagnosis, medical management, and prevention.

Posted in: UIA > General Topics 2017 Language: english

Originally published as Anaesthesia Tutorial of the Week 331, 24 May 2016, edited by Dr Luke Baitch. Rapid sequence induction (RSI) is a core skill for anaesthesia providers. This tutorial describes indications, method, drug choice, controversies, and variations in the performance of RSI.

Posted in: UIA > Global Health 2017 Language: english

In May 2017 the General Assembly of the WFSA approved the WFSA Position Statement on Anaesthesiology and Universal Health Coverage by unanimous resolution. Eighty-five Member Societies, representing 80% of total delegate numbers, took part in the vote.

Posted in: UIA > Global Health 2017 Language: english

The 70th World Health Assembly (WHA), held in Geneva in May 2017, was an opportune occasion to discuss the role of anaesthesia and surgery within the global health agenda with stakeholders and decision-makers from around the world.

Posted in: UIA > General Topics 2016 Language: english

Successful airway management is central to the practice of anaesthesia. In resource-rich environments, there are numerous tools of increasing complexity and cost available to deal with difficult airway management. Basic airway management is usually accomplished using laryngoscopes, endotracheal tubes and laryngeal mask airways; more difficult cases may utilise video laryngoscopes or other specialised devices. Fibreoptic bronchoscopes are reserved for particularly difficult intubations, awake intubations, or other special situations.

Posted in: UIA > Education & Training in Anaesthesia 2016 Language: english

This brief report describes the use of communication technology to allow distance learning between trainers in the UK and trainees in low- and middle-income countries. The advantages and disadvantages of this technique are discussed.

About the Library

WFSA's virtual library is a resource hub made up of our own publications and other open source material that we recommend for anaesthesia providers around the world. It contains a variety of media and can be searched according to keyword, publication and specialist category ensuring that the user finds the most relevant resource for their needs.

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The WFSA Virtual Library is for use by qualified anaesthesia providers and those pursuing a qualification in anaesthesia. Its content is supplementary to more formal education and is offered for informational purposes only. Whilst the WFSA has taken every care to ensure that content is accurate we can not be held responsible for any loss, damage or inconvenience caused as a result of any error or inaccuracy within the library.

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